Chennai, (formerly known as Madras) is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is the fourth largest city in India.
Chennai is situated in the Coromandel Coast Bay of Bengal and it is one of the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre. The city put together with the adjoining regions constitutes the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world.
Chennai is the third-largest expatriate population in India with 35,000 in 2009, and in 2011 is 82,790 it is also estimated to over 100,000 by 2016. Chennai also attracts 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists and 45 percent of health tourists visiting India. Chennai is also termed as “India’s health capital”.
Chennai being the capital of Tamil speaking State, but also has more languages spoken. It has emerged as a cosmopolitan city playing an important role in the historical, cultural and intellectual development of India, entitled as the highest form of Dravidian civilizations. Chennai also conducts out fares on interesting facts of South Indian architecture, dramas, dance, music, sculpture, arts and crafts.
The city represents the British empire to power in South India by setting up and incorporating the East India Company in the 17th century which is headquartered at Fort St. George as a trading centre. You can also see in the span of 350 years, a few scattered villages (some being Mylapore, triplicane and Chennai Patnam) has been developed into a modern metropolitan city without any compromises on any of our traditional customs, religious outlook and other traditions. The temples (like Kapaleeshwarar Temple (mylapore), Parthasarathy temple (Triplicane)) are said to be one of the finest and oldest temples built during the 7th – 8th Century.
The interesting fact is that Chennai has the second longest beach in the Asia and is situated on the northeast part of Tamilnadu over the coast of Bay of Bengal. It stretches nearly 25.60 kms along the Bay coast from Thiruvanmiyur in the south to Thiruvottiyur in the north. Chengalpattu and Thiruvallur Districts bounded on the east by the Bay of Bengal and on the remaining three sides.
There are a large number of famous architecture which are known world-wide are located in the chennai city, namely the Kalakshetra, the Theosophical Society and colleges of Arts and Crafts. The Chennai harbor port is one of the oldest and main in providing trade links with Asia Pacific and Eastern countries.
Food/Cuisine and Spices: Madras filtered coffee is one of the famous in chennai
Vegetarian foods like- Idli, Dosa, Appam, Vada, Upma served with tomato chutney, coconut chutney and sambar, rice dishes, legumes and lentils, curry leaves, mustard seeds, coriander, ginger, garlic, chilli, pepper, cinnamon, cloves, green cardamom, cumin, nutmeg, coconut and rosewater, parotta, puliyotharai, aviyal, thogayal, curd sadam, sweet pongal, kesari and more dishes
Non-vegetarian foods like- Chicken (Nattu Khozi) with south indian varieties and Mutton (Nattu Addu) with varities
Drinks are tender coconut -spicy buttermilk, variety of fruit juices, etc.
Shopping Places: Pondy Bazaar, Panagal Park, T- Nagar, Anna Salai (also know as Mount Road), Anna Nagar, George Town, Egmore, Mylapore, Burma Bazaar, Tirunelveli, Kumbakonam, Thanjavur, Mahabalipuram, Kanchipuram, Parrys Corner, Mint Street.
Malls: Express Avenue, Phoneix city, Chennai Citi Centre, Chennai Trade Centre, Abhirami Mega Mall, Alsa Mall, Ampa Skywalk, Coromandel Plaza, Express Avenue, Spencer Plaza, Phoenix Market City, Forum Vijaya Mall.
Major IT Parks:
- Tidel park located in Taramani
- IITM Research Park located in Taramani
- Ascendas located in Taramani
- RMZ Millenia located in Taramani
- Olympia Tech Park located in Guindy
- SRM Tech Park located in Potheri
- Ceedeeyes Tech Park locted in Thorappakkam
- Prince Infocity located in Kandanchavadi
University and Colleges: A.M.E.T University, Anna University, B. S. Abdur Rahman University, Bharat University, Divine Hands International University (DHIU), Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute, Hindustan University, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Indian Maritime University, Institute of Mathematical Sciences, The Tamil Nadu Dr. M. G. R. Medical University, Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Tamil Nadu Teachers Education University, Tamil Nadu Physical Education and Sports University.
Population: The estimated present population of Chennai
- 2014 – 8.7 Million
- 2015 – 9 Million
- 2016 – 9.3 Million
- 2017 – 9.88 Million
- 2018 – 10.316 Million
Climate: Chennai climate varies from humid to hot humid with 30° C temperature.