Chennai, (formerly known as Madras) is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is the fourth largest city in India.
Chennai is situated in the Coromandel Coast Bay of Bengal and it is one of the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre. The city put together with the adjoining regions constitutes the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world.
Chennai is the third-largest expatriate population in India with 35,000 in 2009, and in 2011 is 82,790 it is also estimated to over 100,000 by 2016. Chennai also attracts30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists and 45 percent of health tourists visiting India. Chennai is also termed as “India’s health capital”.
Chennai being the capital of Tamil speaking State, but also has more languages spoken. It has emerged as a cosmopolitan city playing an important role in the historical, cultural and intellectual development of India, entitled as the highest form of Dravidian civilizations. Chennai also conducts out fares on interesting facts of South Indian architecture, dramas, dance, music, sculpture, arts and crafts.
The city represents the British empire to power in South India by setting up and incorporating the East India Company in the 17th century which is headquartered at Fort St. George as a trading centre. You can also see in the span of 350 years, a few scattered villages (some being Mylapore, triplicane and Chennai Patnam) has been developed into a modern metropolitan city without any compramises on any of our traditional customs, religious outlook and other traditions. The temples (like Kapaleeshwarar Temple (mylapore), Parthasarathy temple (Triplicane)) are said to be one of the finest and oldest temples built during the 7th – 8th Century.
The interesting fact is that Chennai has the second longest beach in the Asia and is situated on the northeast part of Tamilnadu over the coast of Bay of Bengal. It stretches nearly 25.60 kms along the Bay coast from Thiruvanmiyur in the south to Thiruvottiyur in the north. Chengalpattu and Thiruvallur Districts bounded on the east by the Bay of Bengal and on the remaining three sides.
There are a large number of famous architecture which are known world-wide are located in the chennai city, namely the Kalakshetra, the Theosophical Society and colleges of Arts and Crafts. The Chennai harbor port is one of the oldest and main in providing trade links with Asia Pacific and Eastern countries.
Population: The estimated present population of Chennai is 8.9 Million (as of 2014)
Climate: Chennai climate varies from humid to hot humid with 24° C mean temperature.